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Chinchero


Inca Trail Tours, Chinchero's people

Chinchero is located at the northwest of Cusco, at 28 km (17.4 miles), called "El Pueblo Del Arco Iris" (the town of the rainbow), it is located in a valley, the town of Hispanic architecture is built on old Inca constructions. It possesses a beautiful Andean landscape and is surrounded by the year-round snow-capped peaks of Chicón, Wequey Willca (commonly Calle Puna Sillo or Veronica).

Chinchero has a population that surpasses the 15 thousand inhabitants. Said population is composed of twelve indigenous communities that maintain the ayllu system, even though it does not correspond anymore to the organization system in force before the Spanish conquest. These communities, following Tahuantinsuyo's organization system, appoint directly their maximum authority: the varayoc.

The main economic activity in Chinchero is agriculture. 55% of the farmers are engaged in the cultivation of potatoes, 15% is dedicated to cereals, another 15% to minor tubers, 10% to leguminous plants and between 2 and 3% to other crops.Currently, as in the past, Chinchero is considered Cusco's barn.

The production of sheep and cattle stand out in these lands, even though it is worth mentioning the llamas brought from the punas. Their bulls are very much in demand to plough the soil. The area has very significant hydric resources such as the Huaypo and Piuray lagoons.

The Chinchero's people are the most conservative of the Inca traditions, wearing picturesque clothing. Every Sunday they carry out the "catu", exchange fair of agricultural products, in which the use of the currency is discarded and everything is made in exchange. Also outstanding the textile crafts (crafts as well as local produce).

Archaeological locations, Inca palaces, "andenerías" (terraces), and a great fortress in the place that they attributed the appearance of the rainbow.

The town, has a beautiful colonial church, with famous paintings of the Escuela Cusqueña. Beautiful Andean landscapes surround the town, outstanding the beauty of the snowy mountains Chicon and Veronica of the Mountain Range of Urubamba.

Chinchero was the place elected by Inca Tupac Yupanqui to establish his residence. He ordered beautiful palaces built for his personnel and his Panaca.

Years later, towards 1,536, Manco Inca began his revolt against the conquest by burning Chinchero so the spaniards could not renew their provisions and therefore stop chasing him during his retreat to unknown regions.

When Viceroy Toledo visited the Cusco, he stopped in Chinchero. Here he established a plantation worked by Indian labor and had a church built over beautiful Inca buildings. During Tupac Amaru II’s revolution, Chinchero’s curaca Mateo Garcia Pumacahua died with the spaniards to fight the rebel. Pumacahua's victory was painted in an incredible mural which shows a puma defeating a snake, or amaru.