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Tambopata National Reserve


 

Inca Trail, Tambopata river

 

Tambopata National Reserve lies only a 25-minute flight from Cusco - the great Tambopata Madidi Wilderness on the Peru-Bolivia border.

In Tambopata National Reserve there are intact populations of species like the giant river otter, the South American bush dog, the black caiman and the Harpy eagle in this area, all of them threatened with extinction. Another of Tambopata`s attractions is the richness of its flora, as nearly 1400 species of plants exist in the area, including exploited forest species such as cedar, tornillo, Brazil nut, and palm trees such as the pona, aguaje, huasaí and ungurahui. The reserve has been identified as amongst the richest pieces of land in the world.

The number of species identified until now have truly scored world records: 1,234 types of butterflies, 592 species of birds, 152 varieties of dragonflies, 135 kinds of ants, 127 species of amphibians, 103 types of mammals, 94 species of fish, 74 kinds of reptiles, 40 species of termites and 39 varieties of bees. Amongst these are 13 endangered species including the jaguar (panthera onca), the giant otter (pteronura brasilensis), the ocelot (felis pardalis), the harpy eagle (harpia harpyja) and the giant armadillo (priodentes giganteus).

This reserve protects the biological diversity of the entire watersheds of the Tavara and the Candamo Rivers and most of the watershed of the Tambopata River. The declaration and the design of the reserve includes an underlying philosophy of sustainable development and conservation of forest resources. They believe in environmentally friendly Amazon tours to help generate valuable profits for the reserve.

The world's largest known mineral clay lick, where hundreds of parrots and macaws of up to 15 species congregate daily to ingest the detoxifying clay, is also within the reserve, less than 500 meters from Tambopata Research Center.

 

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