Lima Peru

Plaza de Armas, Lima Peru

Lima is the capital and largest city of Peru. Almost all make a stop at Lima, which is Peru's cultural and business center. Lima runs at a slower pace than many South American metropolises; its rhythm is more traditional, and its people reflect a steadier, calmer constitution.

Lima was founded on Jan. 18, 1535, by Francisco Pizarro and is the second oldest capital city in South America.

Lima's physical atmosphere is slightly dreamlike, mostly because of the garua--a mist that settles over the city between May and October. Under its blanket, Lima's inhabitants meet at the penas (bars offering folk and Creole music), shop at the open marketplaces, and dine at Lima's celebrated restaurants.

Festivities can be explored year-round in Lima. The Lord of the Miracles (Senor de los Milagros), the patron saint of Lima, is celebrated in October with a series of street parades that include a life-size replica of Jesus carried on an elaborate adorned altar. The faithful followers are adorned in purple robes and the entire reverent, yet festive, occasion is accompanied by music, singing, the ringing of ceremonial bells and the burning of incense.

October is also the month when the bullfighting season begins. The best bullfighters of the world come to compete for the Escapulario de Oro (the gold epaulet) in the Plaza de Acho ring. Other celebrations throughout the year include a wine harvest festival in March, and the Feria del Pacifico international fair in November.

The Plaza de Armas is a great starting point for exploring Lima. Stand in the middle of this spacious and handsome square, by the 17th-centruy bronze fountain, and you are at the historic heart of the city.

On the north side is the Government Palace, which was completed in 1938, and suffers from the past of Peru's dictators of the time for grandiose French baroque. On weekdays at 12:45 pm, you can see the changing of the guard.

The eastern side of the square is dominated by the cathedral, which was reconstructed many times due to earthquakes. Inside, the cathedral is large and unusually austere. Opposite the cathedral is the Municiplidad de Lima, or town hall. The pleasant interior includes a fine library. Next to it on the square is the headquarters of the Club de la Union, a lunchtime mixture of politicians and professionals.

Peru tours to Lima offers the tourist great attractions and the comfort a traveler seeks.


The Museum of Anthropology and Archaeology in the Plaza Bolivar is one of the most interesting museums in South America, with a superb collection of pottery and textiles from all the main cultures of ancient Peru. The Museum of the Republic, contains exhibits from the colonial and independence periods.

The National Museum, opened in 1990, in a neo-brutalist mausoleum on Av Javier Prado Oeste in San Borja. The museum contains impressive mock-ups of pre-Columbian archaeological sites, and an ingenious replica of the Chavin stela, a massive carved stone idol.

The Gold Museum contains a private collection with some fine items and artifacts.

The Museum of the Inquisition, next to the Congress in the city center, is in the building where generations of supposed heretics were tortured and tied. The stocks in the underground dungeons and torture chambers are originals.

The business district of the Lima city are San Isidro and Miraflores, there can find the main areas for shopping, restaurants, cafes and theatres.