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Peru climate & weather


Peru highlands

Peru is located in the equatorial area of South America, but its climate does not correspond to its geographical location for two fundamental factors, the Andean Mountain Range and the cold marine current of Humboldt, also called Peruvian current.

The Peruvian current and the geographical relief of Peru condition the climate characteristics in three big areas (from west to east), the coast, the Andean area or mountain, and the Amazon area or jungle, corresponding for each one of them particular climate characteristics.

Humidity on the coast produces a sensation of cold, although temperatures rarely dip below 12°C. During the summer the sun beats down and temperatures often top 30°C. The central and southern sections of the coast feature two well-defined seasons: winter from April to October, and summer from November to March. The north coast is not touched by the effects of the cold current, which means it enjoys 300 days of sunshine a year and warm temperatures all year-long (as much as 35°C in the summer). The rainy season runs from November to March

The highlands are much colder than the coast. A characteristic of the mountain region is the drop in temperature during the night. Temperatures commonly range around 24°C at midday before plunging to -3°C at night.

The jungle features high humidity all year long. In the southern jungle, there are sometimes cold spells known locally as friajes or surazos, cold fronts which drift up from the far south of the continent between May and August, where temperatures can drop to 8-12°C.

 

LIMA
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Av. High (°F)

77 79 79 75 70 66 63 63 63 66 68 73

Av High (°C)

25 26 26 24 21 19 17 17 17 19 20 23

Av. Low (°F)

66 68 66 65 61 59 57 56 56 57 61 63

Av. Low (°C)

19 20 19 18 16 15 14 13 13 14 16 17
Wet days 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 1 0 0 0

 

CUSCO
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Av. High (F)

66 66 67 68 68 67 67 68 68 70 69 68

Av High (C)

19 19 19 20 20 19 19 20 20 21 20 20

Av. Low (F)

44 44 44 41 37 34 34 34 39 42 43 43

Av. Low (C)

7 7 7 5 3 1 1 1 4 6 6 6
Wet days 16 12 10 7 4 3 2 2 6 8 10 14

 

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