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Peru archaeology

Peru archeology

Peru is steeped in a rich archaeological heritage, with some of the most important sites lying in the coastal desert of the northern coast and in the southern Andean Highlands.

The oldest remains of the Peruvian man were found by Pacaicasa, near Ayacucho, he lived around 18 to 20 thousand years BC. The men of Chilca in the southern Peruvian coast were the first farmers around 9000 BC.

The most developed civilizations began with Chavin de Huantar in the present day Ancash area. Later the Paracas civilization in the southern coast of Peru had excellent weavers that left works that are admired all over the world. The Nazca culture left many material remains of their development and specially the famous and enigmatic Nazca Lines that can be fully appreciated only flying in an airplane. The Tiahuanaco civilization was developed in the Altiplano that is today shared by Peru and Bolivia.

The Mochicas in present day Lambayeque were great artisans that left such amount of ceramic that graphically represents all the aspects of their daily life; besides, in the last decades archaeologists found remains of their material achievements such as the Lord of Sipan. The Chimu civilization was developed also in the northern coast and produced excellent pieces of metallurgy with such advanced techniques that are still an enigma for science. The Wari Culture was developed around present day Ayacucho, and was a really powerful military nation for its time. There were also dozens of other less known civilizations all over the country

Archaeological Sites


If you are interesting to visit archaeological sites definitely one of the places where you can find what you are looking for, are the Mayan ruins in Mexico. Many sites have active archaeological digs and are major attractions for tourists



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