Peru mapThis country is located in the west central part of South America. With an area of 1,285,215 square km. Peru is the third-largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina, ranking it amongst the world's 20 largest nations.

Thanks to its strategic location, Peru is a privileged travel destination. Heir to very ancient cultures and a rich colonial tradition, Peru is a magical spot which involves one of the richest biodiversities of Earth, and is a melting pot of different cultures who together are forging the promise of a better future. Peru tours will take you to fascinating destinationslike Cuzco and Machu Picchu.

National Name:

Republic of Peru


Peru limits with Brazil for the East, Colombia for the Northeast, Ecuador for the North, Chile for the South, Bolivia for the Southeast and for the West with the Pacific Ocean.

Capital City:


Currency unit:

Nuevo Sol


28,302,603 (2006)


54% Indian, 32% Mestizo (mixed European and Indian descent), 12% Spanish descent, 2% Black, Asian minority


Spanish, Quechua (both official); Aymara; many minor Amazonian languages.


Roman Catholic 81%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1%, other Christian 1%, unspecified or none 16%

Main cities:

Arequipa, Trujillo, Chicalyo, Cusco

National Holiday:

Independence Day, 28-29 July




Alán García

Major industries:

Pulp, paper, coca leaves, fishmeal, steel, chemicals, oil, minerals, cement, auto assembly, steel, shipbuilding

Major trading partner:

USA, Japan, UK, China, Germany, Columbia

Local time:

Coincides with Eastern Standard Time in the U.S.A. and is five hours behind Greenwich Mean Time.


220 volts and 60 cicles. You will find adaptation devices in specialized stores.