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Galapagos Islands


Galapagos sgiant tortoise

This Archipelago is a living museum of evolutionary changes. Free and fearless animals, different from any others found elsewhere, make visitors wonder about their very existence on our planet. The UNESCO declared Galapagos a World Natural Heritage Site in 1978 and subsequently a World Biosphere Reserve in 1985.

Among the animals found are the different species of giant ‘Galapagos’ tortoises that gave the islands their name due to the similarity of their carapaces to a British riding saddle called galapago in Spanish.

A variety of birds that can be found here include the blue footed, red footed and masked boobies, flamingos, frigate birds, albatrosses, unique small penguins and non-flying cormorants, and 14 different varieties of finches. These various finches served as proof for Darwin’s theory of evolution from natural selection.

Marine mammals such as sea lions, dolphins and whales are also found; as well as multitudinous colorful fishes. The most distinctive plants are mangroves and endemic cacti. The Galapagos houses an incredibly high rote or endemic species.

In 1835, Charles Darwin sailed on the British ship H.M.S. Beagle and visited the Islands. The living proof that he found in this unique volcanic archipelago inspired his theory of the origin of species, which shook up the scientific world. All those who choose to make this unforgettable trip can confirm his observations and studies.

Galapagos albatross

The islands appeared from lava eruptions that carne from the bottom of the ocean and that rise as much as 2,600 ft. Lava from more than 2,000 craters has continuously altered the terrain of the region. Currently the archipelago includes 13 large islands, 6 minor ones and more than 40 islets. Some of the younger islands still nave active volcanoes. Variables such as isolation, climate, altitude and texture of the land on the islands have made their distinct flora and fauna appear.

Puerto Baquerizo Moreno, located on the island of San Cristobal, is the capital of the Galapagos Islands. The Island’s attraction include Lake El Junco, the Sleeping Lion rock formation, Lobos Island and the Tijeretas Hill. The Charles Darwin Scientific Station, located on the Isle of Santa Cruz, has been working on various environment protection projects for many decades. The Galapagos giant tortoises, whose average lifespan is approximately 150 years, also live on Santa Cruz Island. Floreana, Genovesa, Santiago, Española, Seymor Norte, Plazas, Santa Fe or Isabela serve as shelter for many endemic species, living on this paradise.

Galapagos Islands climate

The Galapagos climate is heavily effected by cold water currents. Generally speaking, the days are warm and the nights are cool. Humidity is low. The climate is very similar to that of California.

In Galapagos, hot, rainy weather prevails from January through April, while the rest of the year is dry and cool with the water a chilly 20º (68º F) or lower.

MONTH
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Avg High F

84

86

88

86

82

78

76

74

76

77

78

80

Avg Low F

70

74

74

72

72

68

66

64

62

64

66

68

Water Temp F

74

76

76

76

74

74

72

66

68

70

72

74

Rainfall inches

1.5

2.1

3.0

3.0

2.7

2.2

1.1

0.7

0.5

0.5

0.8

1.5


Galapagos weather a nice and very comfortable climate is waiting for you in these enchanted islands.

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