Inca Trail Tours » Ecuador


Ecuador map

Ecuador is the most diminutive of the Andean countries with 270.670 km2 (168.186 square miles), yet Ecuador tours offer travelers more physical and cultual diversity than almost any country on the planet. Ecuador was ranked among one of the 17 most biodiversity countries in the world.

Ecuador is home to rain forests, jungles, mountains, islands, lagoons, beaches, deserts, valleys, and snowcapped peaks. The Galapagos Islands, part of Ecuadorian territory, are considered to be one of the world's greatest natural-history treasures.

National Name:

Republic of Ecuador


Ecuador limitswith Peru to the south and east, Colombia to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

Flag Description:

Three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double width), blue, and red with the coat of arms superimposed at the center of the flag; similar to the flag of Colombia, which is shorter and does not bear a coat of arms

Capital City:


Currency unit:

US Dollar (US$)


13,755,680 (2006)


Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%


Spanish (official), Quechua, other Amerindian languages


Roman Catholic 95%, 5% other.

Main cities:

Guayaquil, Cuenca, Manta

National Holiday:

Independence Day, 10 Aug




Rafael Correa

Entry requirements:

Ecuador requires a valid passport. The traveler must also hold proof of return or onward journey.


Citizens of virtually all countries can stay a maximum of 90 days without a visa. Immigration officials may initially validate a stay of only 30 days in your passport, but this is easily extended in Quito.

Major industries:

Oil, bananas, shrimp and fish, coffee, flowers, wood products.

Major trading partner:

USA, Panama, Peru, Italy, Colombia, China, Venezuela, Brazil, Chile, Japan, Mexico

Local time:

Coincides with Eastern Standard Time in the U.S.A. and is five hours behind Greenwich Mean Time.


110 volts. 60 AC

Continues on next page »